Voting: In-Person, Early, and Absentee Ballot

For every election (primary, state, special, or general), there are three ways you can cast your vote: in-person on Election Day, in-person Early Voting, and by Absentee Ballot.

Voting Options

Polling locations are based on the address where you are registered to vote. 

Find Your Polling Location

Most polling locations in New York State are open 6:00 a.m. - 9:00 p.m. on Election Day.

Election Protection Hotline 
English: 1-866-OUR-VOTE / 1-866-687-8683; 
Spanish: 1-888-839-8682; 
Arabic: 1-844-925-5287; 
Bengali, Cantonese, Hindi, Urdu, Korean, Mandarin, 
Tagalog, or Vietnamese: 1-888-274-8683

All primary, run-off primary, special, and general elections now allow New Yorkers to vote early. 

Any registered voter is eligible to vote early in-person during the early voting period.

Early Voting in New York is available at designated early voting sites from 10 days before the election through the 2nd day before the election. 

General Election Early Voting Dates: October 29 – November 6, 2022 (includes Saturday and Sunday)

Your polling location for Early Voting may differ from the polling location you'd visit on Election Day. In most areas of New York State, you can go to any location within the county where you are registered to cast your vote.

Find Your Polling Location

What Time?
Polling locations hours during early voting vary from day to day. 

Confirm Early Voting Polling Locations Hours

If you are unable to vote in-person on Election Day, or at an Early Voting polling location, you are eligible to vote in an election through the use of an Absentee Ballot.  

Absentee Ballot Qualifications

You can vote by absentee ballot if you are:

  • Absent from your county or, if a resident of New York City, absent from said city on Election Day;
  • Unable to appear at the polls due to temporary or permanent illness or disability; or because you are the primary caregiver of one or more individuals who are ill or physically disabled.
  • A resident or patient of a Veterans Health Administration Hospital;
  • Detained in jail awaiting Grand Jury action or confined in prison after conviction for an offense other than a felony.

How to Vote By Absentee Ballot

Step 1: Request to Vote by Absentee Ballot

Complete and submit a New York State Absentee Ballot Application Form.

To vote in the 2022 General Election (November 6, 2022), your Absentee Ballot Application Form must be postmarked or completed online by October 24, 2022. You can also submit the Absentee Ballot Application Form in-person at the board of elections office in your county until November 7, 2022. 

In some counties you can request and an Absentee Ballot via letter, email, phone, or online form.  

Board of Elections website and determine alternative methods for the county where you are registered to vote.

Board of Elections


Online Absentee Ballot Application 

Absentee Ballot Application PDF (English)

Absentee Ballot Application PDF (Spanish)

Absentee Ballot Application PDF for Erie County Voters (English)

Step 2: Complete the Absentee Ballot

If you mailed your Absentee Ballot Application Form, you will be able to vote on a ballot that you will receive in the mail. Your ballot must be completed and postmarked by November 8, 2022 in order to be valid. 

If you complete and submit the Absentee Ballot Application Form at your county's Board of Elections office, you will be given a ballot and asked to complete it in-person. To use this method, you must complete and submit the Absentee Ballot Application Form in-person at your county Board of Elections office by November 8, 2022.